Tuesday, December 24, 2019

Essay on Stages of Erik Eriksons Human Development Cycle

For stage one of the human developmental cycle as outlined by Erikson, I agree with the general concept and idea being presented. When we are born into the world, we have no motor skills and have no means of communication. At this stage, we are feeble and frail, thus we must trust in a nurturing figure to provide us with all the essentials for life. These are the years through which the greatest physical and mental developments take place, in the respect of growing muscles and comprehending our existence as well as our developing consciousness. Infancy is the foundation of our future relationships with other humans as well as our ability to confide in others in times of helplessness and desperation. This stage in our life also provides us†¦show more content†¦Even though the child may begin to develop essential life skills, it is still usually in the stage of heavy dependency and frustrating incomprehension. Stage 2 is more likely to occur from the ages of two to three. In s pite of this, I do agree with Erikson?s concept of parental encouragement. The child heavily relies on the emotions and reactions it gains from those around it. The toddler?s environment is a vital developmental aspect of life because it provides a child with the necessary amount of support to venture into the unknown and to explore new capabilities in its existence. The toddler?s age is very important, because it is the time period in a human?s life where they must begin to develop the fundamental basics of locomotion and regular bodily activities. These stages are vital to the toddlers understanding of regular activities or essentials needed in any society in the future. These stages, as stated by Erikson, are important in the respect that they will have a tremendous impact on the future social skills of a human. By learning to control the body, the toddler is able to feel control over itself, thus creating a beginning for other skills needed by the toddler in any future vocation or bodily activity. However, I do not agree with Erikson?s theory on how a child may begin to feel doubt in its abilities at the age of two. I believe that the child cannot entirely comprehend what shame is at such anShow MoreRelatedPhychosocial Development Of Erick Eriksons Psychosocial Theory943 Words   |  4 PagesErikson’s Psychosocial Stage Theory Born on 15th June, 1902, Erick Homburger Erikson made a huge contribution to the human growth and development discipline by coming up with his eight psychosocial stage theory (Patel, 2016). The theory puts emphasis on sociocultural factors as development determinants that individuals must resolve to healthily adjust to their respective environments. He structured the theory into eight stages based on the age-bracket of an individual throughout their lifetime.Read MoreEssay about Erik Erikson and Post-Freudian Theory2317 Words   |  10 PagesErik Erikson was born in 1902 near Frankfort, Germany to an unmarried Jewish mother. He was raised in an artists colony by his mother and eventually he would have his pediatrician as a stepfather, however, Erikson would seek his biological father’s identity throughout his life. (Capps, Mother, melancholia, and humor in Erik H. Eriksons earliest writings, 2008). In 1929, Erikson began psychoanalysis with Anna Freud and in 1933, he and his wife and children emigrated first to Denmark and then to theRead MoreAdolescence Is A Critical Time For A Human1405 Words   |  6 Pages Identity development is a fluid process throughout the human life cycle. Seemingly, adolescence, development after the age of 12 through young adulthood, is the most difficult transitive period in the life cycle. 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TheRead More‘’Doubt is the brother of shame,’’ is just one of the famous quotes from the theorist Erik Erikson.1200 Words   |  5 Pages‘’Doubt is the brother of shame,’’ is just one of the famous quotes from the theorist Erik Erikson. He was born 1902, he was a German-born American. He was famous for all his quotes. Some of them are, (The Erik Erikson Reader, 2000) Hope is both the earliest and the most indispensable virtue inherent in the state of being alive. If life is to be sustained hope must remain, even where confidence is wounded, trust impaired, (The First Psychoanalyst, 1957) What was Freuds Galapagos, what speciesRead MoreIndustry Vs Inferiority Or Albert Bandura Social Learning Theory And Self-Adolency1444 Words   |  6 Pagesmore complete in describing what it takes for the grade school child to develop mastery and competence, Erik Erikson Industry versus inferiority or Albert Bandura social learning theory and self-efficacy. 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Despite the fact that EriksonRead MorePsy/405 Klein vs. Erikson Debate Essay960 Words   |  4 PagesMoore, Reshunna Robbins, Roxanne Luck, Shayna Parks 6/29/15 PSY-405 Patti Toler Roxanne - In this debate we are going to argue the applications of Melanie Klein’s Objection Relations Theory and Erik Erikson’s Post-Freudian Theory in regards to their describing of individual personality characteristics along with interpersonal relations. Team Klein will begin the debate: Jessica - On the positive aspects of Klein’s object theory on individualRead MoreIntroduction. Erik Erickson’S Interest In How One’S Environment1646 Words   |  7 Pages Introduction Erik Erickson’s interest in how one’s environment and social interaction drives human behavior and the development of personality, led him to create the psychosocial theory, â€Å"Eight Stages of Man.† Erikson’s final four stages of psychosocial development describes a person’s development from adolescence to late adulthood. This paper will analyze the final four stages of development, which includes: Adolescence, Young Adulthood, Middle Adulthood, and Late Adulthood. However, one of theRead MorePsy 230 Week 8 Ass. Erikson Timeline987 Words   |  4 PagesWhen discussing the timeline of Erik Erikson, we will discover how he formed his theory of psychosocial developmental, along with explaining what stage my friend and I are currently in within his timeline. Erik Erikson (1902-1994) was a German born American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst, whom formed a theory of psychosocial development on the human life cycle. Erikson’s majo r innovation was to take Freud’s psychosexual stages of the libido and transform them into a developmental model

Monday, December 16, 2019

Balanced score card Free Essays

Intel Company is a strong multinational company which deals in manufacture of products such as microprocessors, motherboard chipsets, flash memory, graphic chips among other hard ware and soft ware. (www. intel. We will write a custom essay sample on Balanced score card or any similar topic only for you Order Now com) Intel has had a history of using aggressive tactics to defend its position in the market as the lead producer of microprocessors a move that has caused struggle for dominance in the PC industry with Microsoft. Lately the company has expressed dissatisfaction with their current performance measurement system, which relies primarily on financial measures. Due to the development in the management system, where the roles of the customers and the shareholders are crucial, there has been need to safeguard the interest and requirements of shareholders and investors at large. This could only be fostered though the employment of high performing management system, where professionalism and legal requirements by the auditors are maintained. The management has thus appointed a management and decisions and control consulting team to design and that a balanced scorecard would enable them measure accurately and more efficiently the performance of the company from financial customers internal and growth perspectives. However, they have also expressed concern about the balanced scorecard, particularly the readiness of the company to embrace this development. They envisage resistance as a potential challenge to contend with if the balanced scorecard is implemented. As part of the MDC consulting team our task is to craft a report detailing the benefits of the balanced scorecard to inlet and identify problems associates with the current practices of safety relying on financial measures of performance and low the balanced score card could overcome this. Additionally a provision for the recommended design of the balanced score card tailor made for Intel will be included. The report will also focus on the positive and negative consequences of the balanced score card to the organization. (www. intel. com) Brief Description In order to understand clearly what a balanced scorecard is, it is worthwhile to begin with, what it is not. Balanced scorecard is not the new management fad, it is not a form of project management or employee evaluation system, and it is not a tool, technique, or soft ware and is it neither a control system nor process improvement systems (Sauaia, 2001). A balanced score card is a management system that enables organizations to clarify their visions and strategies and translate them into actions. (Hoque James, 2000, Kallas Sauaia, 2003) The reason why most people think of the above named things that balanced scorecard is not, is that it incorporates some the aspects in varied degrees. Notably, most organizations activities are encompassed in projects, involving many people, balanced scorecards act as framework for aligning the business activities to the organization strategies. Balanced scorecards give management channels to monitor performance and outcomes of the organizations and measure its attainments against strategic goals set. A balanced scorecard does not function alone; rather it depends on the commitment and cooperation of project managers for its success to be realized. This means tying performance to strategy or actions to outcomes. (Hoque James, 2000, Kallas Sauaia, 2003). Balanced scorecard, developed by Robert Kaplan and David Norton in 1990, was a reaction to the weaknesses and vagueness of previous management approach. (Lipe Salterio, 2000) The major loophole in the traditional management approach was the delay in reporting performance, usually it was past tense and hence of little relevance to management (Hoque James, 2000). The shift form the industrial age economy to the knowledge-based economy further compounded this problem. While the industrial ages depended of financial measures and supply chain production the knowledge based economy suffered because of lack of business intelligence and poor execution techniques. (Young O’Byrne, 2001) These inconsistencies stimulated the pioneers of balanced scorecard to construct it. Although the introduction of the balanced scorecard management system came across as an innovation to many, the concepts behind it were old hat. This is because things like performance measurements feedback strategic planting among others had long been in existence and future development management are also likely to build on this concept but the fundamentals remain. The balanced scorecard views the organization inn a different perspectives namely the customer, financial business process and learning growth perspective (Dilla Steinbart, 2005). The customer perspective It recognizes the importance of the customers and the need to ensure customer satisfaction. The rational behind this is that dissatisfied customers eventually exit the company and look for other companies that can better meet their needs in the short term this may be bearable but eventually the compamy is bound for decline or closure in severe cases customers satisfaction thus becomes a clear indicator of performance of an organization. Thus, developing measures to ensuring customer satisfaction is crucial and this is achieved by analyzing organization process of providing the product or services to customers (Kirkegaad, 1997, Kallas Sauaia, 2003). Financial perspective As seen balanced scorecards does not totally disregard financial measures of performance. Thus, timely and accurate data is essential to the successful implementation of balanced scorecard. This implies that handling and processing of financial data should be swift and centralize perhaps fully automated. The financial data should be integrated with corporate databases and especially data regarding risk assessment and cost benefit analysis (Stewart, 2000). Learning and growth perspective This category recognizes that people are the only repositions of knowledge i. e. people posses intangible assets of the company. In this information age intelligence is the heart of organization success and hence Ned to ensure continuous learning through employee training. This is because technology changes rapidly as aloes people exiting an organization for greener pastures. (Lipe Salterio, 2000) As a result, corporations’ culture and attitude need to be shaped to ensure that people within the organization pursue self-improvement and reverse brain drain to other companies. The cost of recruitment and training people is usually high and measures of allocating the funds to reap maximum benefits need to be developed. Knowledge sharing is equally important. Notably not all training translates to learning but the most effective learning occurs, using mentors and group discussions and communication within the organization. Intranets may contribute towards facilitating communication and learning (Norton, 2001) Process perspective This category identifies two kinds of process within the business one, the mission oriented processes and two the support process. Support processes are repetitive in nature and nature and hence easier to measure on the other hand mission oriented involve government offices and hence difficult to measure. Attention to these perspectives enables managers to know how well the operations of the business are and whether they are in tandem with customer requirements and expectations. (Kaplan Norton, 1996) How to cite Balanced score card, Papers

Sunday, December 8, 2019

Lake Essay Example For Students

Lake Essay ts. They drink ?gin and grape juice, Tango, Thunderbird, and Bali Hai, glue, and ether and what somebody cocaine.?(112) What starts out as a harmless prank on the third night of their summer vacation turns into a situation where they get into a fight, attempt to rape a girl, find a dead body and see first hand the destruction a bad character can do to an automobile. The night they lose their ?badness? is nothing special. After the requisite bad character activities: egging mailboxes and hitchhikers, driving up and down Main Street, eating, drinking, and smoking pot. They decide to go up to the local hangout, *u*Greasy */u*, to see if anything is going on. They cruise up to the lake with their ?lemon-flavored gin,? requisite pot and the itch for some action. There is no better place, for these three bad characters to hang out *u*Greasy Lake*/u*, is an important place for bad characters to learn an important lesson. The lake, like the events about to unfold, is ?fetid and murky?mud banks glistened with broken glass strewn with beer cans and the charred remains of bonfires.? (112) There are only two vehicles in the whole parking lot, ?the exoskeleton of some gaunt chrome insect, a chopper leaned against its kickstand.? (113) And a, ?57 Chevy, mint, metallic blue.? (113) No excitement, ?expect some junkie halfwit biker and a car freak pumping his girlfriend.? Whatever they are looking for they are not going to find it up at the lake. All of a sudden, they see a friend?s car. This is all the three need to know; now things will get interesting, maybe it is not a wasted trip after all. They flash the headlights and honk the horn, a harmless prank to pull on a friend, ?for all we we might even catch a glimpse of some little fox?s tit. And then we slap backs with red-faced Tony, roughhouse a little, and go on to new heights of adventure and daring.? (113) In their haste for a little excitement and adventure, they fail to realize it is not Tony?s car after all, bu t someone else?s car. This is the second mistake. The first is dropping the car keys in the grass. The owner of the car, a greasy booted character, does not find this childish prank funny. He comes out of the car, with fists flying, feet kicking. He is not about to let these guys get away with this so-called harmless prank. This guy is bad; he takes on all three of the friends, and thoroughly beats them up. Even after this, they still think they are bad. ? for the tire iron under the car seat.? (114) The narrator still holds onto the idea he is bad, ? it there because bad characters always keep tire irons under the driver?s seat, for just such an occasion as this.? (114) Everything the narrator thinks is associated with the image of being bad. The reality is this guy has used the tire iron, not for other fights, but to change a flat tire. As for fighting, this bad character has been in only one other fight in his life ?in the 6th grade, when a kid with a sleepy eye and two streams of mucous from his nostrils hit me in the knee with a Louisville slugger.? (114) The situation is taking on a life of its own, a situation the narrator cannot stop.? antagonist shirtless? he forward to peel Jeff from his back like a wet over coat?Mother*censored*er, he over and over, and is aware in that instant that all four ? Digby, Jeff and included ? chanting mother*censored*er, mother*censored*er as if it were a battle cry.? (114) The adrenaline is pumping, hearts racing; the smell of fear is in the air. They are actors in a play watching from the stage, they are bad. In the heat of the moment; ? at him like a kamikaze, mindless, raging, stung with humiliation ? the whole thing, from the initial boot in the shin to this murderous primal instinct.? (114) Logic was gone; the only thing that matters is survival, survival of the baddest. He hits the greasy character on the side of his head and he goes down, a tuff of hair hanging on the edge of the tire iron. They ? are s tanding over him in a circle, gritting teeth, jerking necks, limbs and hands and feet twitching.? (115) They are bad: they knocked out the greasy character. 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